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回望十一年 中国应急再出发

日期:2019-05-10  来源:中国网 中国应急  编辑:王宁波

中国是世界上遭受自然灾害最严重的国家之一。

2008年5月12日,中国四川省汶川县发生特大地震,伤亡惨重,给灾区和整个中国带去物质、精神上的重创。痛定思痛,大地震后的这十一年间,中国防灾减灾能力得到跨越式提升。从举国救灾发展到举国减灾,在体制机制、学术研究、科技装备、医疗救援、国际合作、宣传教育等方面的建设都有了长足进步。

最受瞩目的是机构改革上的大动作。2018年3月,中国成立应急管理部,将之前分散在13个部门的相关职能进行整合。过去的应急管理工作力量分散,部门之间缺乏高效的组织协调。应急管理部的成立,从体制上改变了这样的局面。一个部门,就可以主要完成事前预防、事中救援、事后监管的任务。目前这个部门还在不断发展中,相信在不久的将来,应急管理部能够把全国与应急救援相关的力量都整合起来,使中国的应急战斗力得以再提高。

近年来,中国地震局一直致力推进地震预警技术攻关和技术试验验证。通过实施国家地震科技支撑计划,自主研发了地震预警核心技术,先后在福建、首都圈、兰州和川滇交界地区建成预警示范系统并投入试运行,还在福建晋江建成了地震预警信息发布示范区。

2018年,中国四川国际应急医疗队,成为世卫组织认证的全球第二支国际最高级别Type3的国际应急医疗队(EMT)。

天灾无情,而在防灾、减灾、救灾这件大事上,除了赴汤蹈火的信念之外,每一点一滴的进步都意味着能够更好地保障民众的生命财产安全。


China is a country profoundly impacted by natural disasters.

On May 12, 2008, a devastating earthquake hit Wenchuan county in southwestern China’s Sichuan province. It inflicted massive casualties and caused immeasurable material loss and mental suffering to the region and the country.

Drawing lessons from this bitter experience, in the past 11 years, China has made great progress in the development of disaster prevention and mitigation procedures. The country began to pool resources to reduce rather than only relieving disasters. Significant advances have been made in various fields, including institutional development, academic research, technical equipment manufacturing, medical treatment, international cooperation and public education.

The “big move” in institutional reform has also grabbed nationwide attention. In March of 2018, China established the Ministry of Emergency Management, integrating related functions of 13 different departments. Previous experiences had demonstrated China’s lack of unified strength and collective efficiency in emergency response scenarios, but now the establishment of the Ministry of Emergency Management has improved the situation on an institutional level. Specifically, a single department is responsible for prevention, response and rescue, as well as post-monitoring of emergencies. With its ongoing development, the Ministry of Emergency Management will gather the concerted efforts of the whole country to further improve China’s ability to respond to natural disasters in the future.

In recent years, China Earthquake Administration (CEA) has been devoted to conquering technological challenges in earthquake early warnings, and has been testing available technologies. Under the National Key Science &Technology Pillar Program on earthquake researches, CEA has independently developed core technologies for earthquake early warnings. Model warning systems have been piloted in Fujian Province, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, Lanzhou in Gansu Province, and the border area between Sichuan and Yunnan Province, among which Jinjiang in Fujian Province has been made a model city for earthquake early warning system distribution.

In 2018, the China International Emergency Medical Team (in Sichuan) was classified as a Type 3 emergency medical team by the World Health Organization. This is the highest level in WHO's EMT initiative, and the team was the second in the world to obtain such a status.

Although nature shows no mercy, every single step made in disaster prevention, reduction and relief will translate to improved safety and greater protection of life and property.